Quick Start

This chapters explains how to create a simple application step-by step with samples. The usual scenario to get it to work is:

Session acceptor creation

Session-acceptor is created in the following way:

// implements FIXServerListener to get notifications about new connections
public class SimpleServer implements FIXServerListener {

// all active sessions should have references or will be GCed
private List
<FIXSession> activeSessions = new ArrayList
<FIXSession>();

public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
FIXServer server = new FIXServer(); // create server that will listen for TCP/IP connections
server.setPort(777); // setting port it will listen to
server.setListener(new SimpleServer()); // setting listener for new connections
server.start(); // this will start new thread and listen for incoming connections
System.out.println("Press enter to exit");
System.in.read(); // preventing application from exiting
server.stop(); // this will stop the thread that listens for new connections
}

// this method is called for every new connection
public void newFIXSession(FIXSession session) {
try {
activeSessions.add(session); // Once user lost all references to his session - it will be disposed and gc'ed eventually!
session.setFIXSessionListener(new MyFIXSessionListener(session)); // setting listener for incoming messages
session.connect(); // accepting connection
} catch (IOException e) {
}
}

// listener for incoming messages and session state changes
private class MyFIXSessionListener implements FIXSessionListener {
private FIXSession session;

public MyFIXSessionListener(FIXSession session) {
this.session = session;
}

// this method will be called every time session state is changed
public void onSessionStateChange(SessionState sessionState) {
// if disconnected, remove it from the list to let GC collect it
if (SessionState.DISCONNECTED == sessionState) {
activeSessions.remove(session);
}
}

// here you can process incoming messages
public void onNewMessage(FIXFieldList message) {
}
}
}

Session initiator creation

Session-initiator is created in three steps:

// creating connection parameters
SessionParameters details = new SessionParameters();
details.setFixVersion(FIXVersion.FIX42);
details.setHost("localhost");
details.setHeartbeatInterval(30);
details.setPort(777);
details.setSenderCompId("senderId");
details.setTargetCompId("targetId");

// listener for incoming messages and session state changes
FIXSessionListener application = new FIXSessionListener() {
// this method will be called every time session state is changed
public void onSessionStateChange(SessionState sessionState) {
System.out.println("Session state changed:" + sessionState); // this callback is called upon session state change
}

// processing incoming messages
public void onNewMessage(FIXFieldList message) {
System.out.println("New application level message type: " + message.getTagValueAsString(FIXT11.Header.MsgType) +
"received");
// this callback is called upon new message arrival
}
};

// create session we intend to work with
final FIXSession session = details.createNewFIXSession();
// setting listener for incoming messages
session.setFIXSessionListener(application);
// initiate connection
session.connect();

Creating new order

FIX Antenna provides two interfaces for manipulations with FIX messages:

  1. Flat model
  2. Object model

The flat model is based on a single FIXFieldList class and exports high performance.

// create FIX 4.4 New Order Single
FIXFieldList messageContent = new FIXFieldList();
messageContent.addTag(11, "USR20000101");
messageContent.addTag(54, 1);
messageContent.addTag(60, "20000101-01:12:55");

The object model is a typified interface less efficient than the flat model, but more user-friendly.

// create FIX 4.4 New Order Single
NewOrderSingle order = new NewOrderSingle();
order.getHeader().setBeginString(FIXVersion.FIX44.getMessageVersion());
order.getHeader().setMsgType("D");

// set ClOrdID
order.setClOrdID( "USR20000101" );

// get ClOrdID
String clOrdID = order.getClOrdID();

Sending order

Message is sent asynchronously by calling the session.sendMessage method. Consequently the message is scheduled for sending in the internal queue and sent in a separate thread. This means that if the method returns control, the message is not necessarily already sent. The fastest standard way of sending a message out is to use the sendMessage(String messageType, FIXFieldList content) method. This message adds proper footer and header.

// Send news to session initiator or acceptor
session.sendMessage("B", messageContent); // news

Alternatively, if a user has entire FIXMessage in FIXFieldList including header and footer, it is possible to use the sendMessage(FIXFieldList message) method. Header and footer fields will be updated but it will take more time then just to wrap message content, so the first option is preferred.

// Send news to session initiator or acceptor
session.sendMessage(message); // news

Processing incoming message

Implement the FIXSessionListener interface to process incoming messages and session changes:

private class MyFIXSessionListener implements FIXSessionListener {
private FIXSession session;

public MyFIXSessionListener(FIXSession session) {
this.session = session;
}

public void onSessionStateChange(SessionState sessionState) {
if (SessionState.DISCONNECTED == sessionState) {
activeSessions.remove(session);
}
}

public void onNewMessage(FIXFieldList message) {
log.debug("New app message type " + new String(message.getMsgType()) + "received for session" + session.toString());
}
}

The FIXSessionListener.onNewMessage() method is called only in case of the delivery of an incoming application-level message, if all checks are passed. Possible errors and all session-level messages are handled inside the FIXEngine. The FIXEngine guarantees sequential message delivery in the order of receiving.

Note: It is possible to provide custom session level handlers if desired, but it may affect FIXEngine workflow and the FIX protocol support so it is not recommended unless absolutely necessary.

Note: the FIXSessionListener.onNewMessage method must not be dead-locked or perform time-demanding operations, because it will lock entire message processing for this session. A user should execute time consuming handling operations in separate threads and return control as soon as possible..

Closing session

Use the following methods to close the session:

Sample application

Combining all above:

package com.epam.example;

import com.epam.fix.message.FIXFieldList;
import com.epam.fixengine.*;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;


//implements FIXServerListener to get notified about new connections
public class SimpleServer implements FIXServerListener {

// all active sessions should have references or will be GCed

public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
// create a server that will listen for TCP/IP connections
FIXServer server = new FIXServer();
// setting the port it will listen to
server.setPort(777);
// setting the listener for new connections
server.setListener(new SimpleServer());
// this will start a new thread and listen for incoming connections
server.start();
System.out.println("Server started...");
// preventing the application from exiting
System.in.read();
// this will stop the thread that listens for new connections
server.stop();
}

// this method is called for every new connection
public void newFIXSession(FIXSession session) {
try {
// setting listener for incoming messages
session.setFIXSessionListener(new MyFIXSessionListener(session));
// accepting a connection
session.connect();
System.out.println("New connection accepted");
} catch (IOException e) {
}
}

// listener for incoming messages and session state changes
private class MyFIXSessionListener implements FIXSessionListener {
private FIXSession session;

public MyFIXSessionListener(FIXSession session) {
this.session = session;
}

// this method will be called every time session state is changed
public void onSessionStateChange(SessionState sessionState) {
System.out.println("Session state: " + sessionState);
// if disconnected, dispose it to let GC collect it
if (SessionState.DISCONNECTED == sessionState) {
session.dispose();
System.out.println("Your session has been disconnected. Press ENTER to exit the programm.");
}
}

// here you can process incoming messages
public void onNewMessage(FIXFieldList message) {
System.out.println("New message is accepted: " + message.toString());
}
}
}
package com.epam.example;

import com.epam.common.FIXVersion;
import com.epam.fix.message.FIXFieldList;
import com.epam.fix.message.constants.FIXT11;
import com.epam.fixengine.*;

import java.io.IOException;

public class SimpleNewsBroadcaster {

public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
// creating connection parameters
SessionParameters details = new SessionParameters();
details.setFixVersion(FIXVersion.FIX42);
details.setHost("localhost");
details.setHeartbeatInterval(30);
details.setPort(777);
details.setSenderCompId("senderId");
details.setTargetCompId("targetId");


// create a session we intend to work with
final FIXSession session = details.createNewSession();

// listener for incoming messages and session state changes
FIXSessionListener application = new FIXSessionListener() {
// this method will be called every time session state is changed
public void onSessionStateChange(SessionState sessionState) {
System.out.println("Session state changed:" + sessionState);
// this callback is called upon session state change
if (sessionState == SessionState.DISCONNECTED) {
// end this session
session.dispose();
}
}

// processing incoming messages
public void onNewMessage(FIXFieldList message) {
System.out.println("New application level message type: " +
message.getTagValueAsString(FIXT11.Header.MsgType) + "received");
// this callback is called upon new message arrival
}
};

// setting listener for incoming messages
session.setFIXSessionListener(application);
// initiate a connection
session.connect();


// create FIX 4.2 News
FIXFieldList messageContent = new FIXFieldList();

messageContent.addTag(148, "Hello there"); // Add Subject
messageContent.addTag(33, 3); // Add Repeating group
messageContent.addTag(58, "line1");
messageContent.addTag(58, "line2");
messageContent.addTag(58, "line3");

// sending a message
session.sendMessage("B", messageContent);
try {
Thread.sleep(100); // sleep for some time to ensure message delivery. Other flow control procedures should
// be used in real applications.
} catch (Exception e) {
}
// disconnecting
session.disconnect("User request");
}
}
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