Repeating Group API

There is API for Repeating Group in FIX Antenna Java 2.14. It allows to create, remove and modify Repeating Groups and their entries.

Indexing Repeating Group

To use the Repeating Group API, you can pass the FIXFieldList instance to static method RawFIXUtil.indexRepeatingGroup. There are four implementations of this method:

  1. public static FIXFieldList indexRepeatingGroup(FIXFieldList msg, FIXVersion version, String msgType, boolean validation)
    
    Indexes Repeating Group according to FIX dictionary. Dictionary version and message type selects by passed arguments.
  2. public static FIXFieldList indexRepeatingGroup(FIXFieldList msg, FIXVersion version, String msgType)
    
    Indexes Repeating Group according to FIX dictionary. Dictionary version and message type selects by passed arguments and validation is turn off.
  3. public static FIXFieldList indexRepeatingGroup(FIXFieldList msg, boolean validation)
    
    Indexes Repeating Group according to FIX dictionary. FIX version and message type extracted from message.
  4. public static FIXFieldList indexRepeatingGroup(FIXFieldList msg)
    
    Indexes Repeating Group according to FIX dictionary. FIX version and message type extracted from message and validation turned off.

All methods return the passed message. If you try to work with Repeating Group API without calling RawFIXUtil.indexRepeatingGroup, method indexRepeatingGroup(FIXFieldList msg) will be implicitly called, so you get indexed message with turned off validation.

Working with Repeating Groups through API

There is two class for working with Repeating Group through api: RepeatingGroup and RepeatingGroup.Entry. RepeatingGroup contains methods for managing entries of Repeating Group. Entry contains methods for managing tags in concrete entry of RepeatingGroup and sub groups. By default, FIX Antenna uses instances of RepeatingGroup and RepeatingGroup.Entry from internal pool to reduce garbage production.

Repeating Group Pool

The first thing that you should know about RepeatingGroup API is pooling. Remember simple rule: if you got RepeatingGroup or Entry instance by calling method, that returns instance of group or entry, then there is no need in group.release()/entry.release - all groups and entries will come back to pool after call msg.releaseInstance. In other case, if you get group or entry buy explicit call RepeatingGroupPool.getEntry()/getRepeatingGroup() you should explicitly return group/entry object to pool by release method call.

Get Repeating Group

There are two ways to get Repeating Group from indexed message:

  1. FIXFieldList msg = RawFIXUtil.getFIXFieldList(executionReport.getBytes());
    msg = RawFIXUtil.indexRepeatingGroup(msg, true);
    
    RepeatingGroup group = msg.getRepeatingGroup(FIX43.ExecutionReport.NoLegs); //Leading tag of Repeating Group
    //Some operations
    msg.releaseInstance();
    
    Don't forget about msg.releaseInstance()! If you don't call this method, it may cause unnecessary object creation.
  2. FIXFieldList msg = RawFIXUtil.getFIXFieldList(executionReport.getBytes());
    msg = RawFIXUtil.indexRepeatingGroup(msg, true);
    RepeatingGroup group = RepeatingGroupPool.getRepeatingGroup(); // Or new RepeatingGroup() or something else
    msg.getRepeatingGroup(FIX43.ExecutionReport.NoLegs, group); // Leading tag of Repeating Group
    //Some operations
    group.release();
    
    In this case FIXFieldList filling passed group by information about group content.

If you try to get non-existent group, you get exception (if you call void method) or null value (if you call method which returns RepeatingGroup instance). There are safe methods (getOrAddRepeatingGroup()) which adds repeating group if it's doesn't exist.

Get Entry

After you get RepeatingGroup instance, you can get entries of this group. There are also two ways to get it:

  1. FIXFieldList msg = RawFIXUtil.getFIXFieldList(executionReport.getBytes());
    msg = RawFIXUtil.indexRepeatingGroup(msg, true);
    
    RepeatingGroup group = msg.getRepeatingGroup(FIX43.ExecutionReport.NoLegs); //Leading tag of Repeating Group
    RepeatingGroup.Entry entry = group.getEntry(0); //Number of entry in group
    //Some operations
    msg.releaseInstance();
    
    Don't forget about msg.releaseInstance()! If you don't call this method, it may cause unnecessary object creation.
  2. FIXFieldList msg = RawFIXUtil.getFIXFieldList(executionReport.getBytes());
    msg = RawFIXUtil.indexRepeatingGroup(msg, true);
    RepeatingGroup group = RepeatingGroupPool.getRepeatingGroup(); // Or new RepeatingGroup() or something else
    RepeatingGroup.Entry entry = RepeatingGroupPool.getEntry();
    msg.getRepeatingGroup(FIX43.ExecutionReport.NoLegs, group); // Leading tag of Repeating Group
    group.getEntry(0, entry); //Number of entry in group
    //Some operations
    entry.release();
    group.release();
    
    In this case FIXFieldList filling passed entry by information about entry content.

Get nested group

You can get nested group using method Entry.getGroup():

FIXFieldList msg = RawFIXUtil.getFIXFieldList(executionReport.getBytes());
msg = RawFIXUtil.indexRepeatingGroup(msg, true);
RepeatingGroup group = RepeatingGroupPool.getRepeatingGroup(); // Or new RepeatingGroup() or something else
RepeatingGroup.Entry entry = RepeatingGroupPool.getEntry();
msg.getRepeatingGroup(FIX43.ExecutionReport.NoLegs, group); // Leading tag of Repeating Group
group.getEntry(0, entry); //Number of entry in group

RepeatingGroup subGroup = entry.getGroup(FIX43.ExecutionReport.InstrumentLeg.NoLegSecurityAltID);

//Some operations
entry.release();
msg.releaseInstance();

Add new Repeating Group to message

To create Repeating Group is used method addRepeatingGroupAtIndex:

FIXFieldList msg = RawFIXUtil.getFIXFieldList(executionReport.getBytes());
msg = RawFIXUtil.indexRepeatingGroup(msg, true);

int repeatingGroupIndex = 20; //Index in message
int leadingTag = FIX43.ExecutionReport.NoLegs; //Leading tag for group
boolean validation = true; //Turn on validation
RepeatingGroup group = msg.addRepeatingGroupAtIndex(repeatingGroupIndex, leadingTag, validation);
//Some operations
msg.releaseInstance();

Parameter repeatingGroupIndex is index of leading tag in FIX message. First tag have index = 0. Parameter validation enables or disables validation of group. Information about validation is below. Also you can add nested group to entry:

FIXFieldList msg = RawFIXUtil.getFIXFieldList(executionReport.getBytes());
msg = RawFIXUtil.indexRepeatingGroup(msg, true);
RepeatingGroup group = RepeatingGroupPool.getRepeatingGroup(); // Or new RepeatingGroup() or something else
RepeatingGroup.Entry entry = RepeatingGroupPool.getEntry();
msg.getRepeatingGroup(FIX43.ExecutionReport.NoLegs, group); // Leading tag of Repeating Group
group.getEntry(0, entry); //Number of entry in group

int leadingTag = FIX43.ExecutionReport.InstrumentLeg.NoLegSecurityAltID;
boolean validation = true;
RepeatingGroup subGroup = entry.addRepeatingGroup(FIX43.ExecutionReport.InstrumentLeg.NoLegSecurityAltID, validation);

//Some operations
entry.release();
group.release();
msg.releaseInstance();

Parameter 'validation' is optional for creating repeating group. In case if it is ommited, its value will be inherited from parent group.

Add new Entry to Repeating Group

To create new Entry is used method addEntry():

FIXFieldList msg = RawFIXUtil.getFIXFieldList(executionReport.getBytes());
msg = RawFIXUtil.indexRepeatingGroup(msg, true);
RepeatingGroup group = RepeatingGroupPool.getRepeatingGroup(); // Or new RepeatingGroup() or something else
RepeatingGroup.Entry entry = RepeatingGroupPool.getEntry();
msg.getRepeatingGroup(FIX43.ExecutionReport.NoLegs, group); // Leading tag of Repeating Group

//Add at end
Entry entry1 = group.addEntry()
//Add at index. First index = 0
Entry entry2 = group.addEntry(1);

entry.release();
group.release();
msg.releaseInstance();

If you pass index greater than current group size or less than zero, you will get IndexOutOfBoundsException.

Remove Entry from Repeating Group

There are few methods to remove entry from group:

group.remove(index); //remove entry by index
entry.remove(); //remove current entry, but doesn't return it in pool
group.remove(entry); //remove passed entry, but doesn't return it in pool

Leading tag self-maintaining

Leading tag of group is fully self-maintaining. You can't update it directly. Leading tag doesn't appear in message, until group is empty. Also, when group becomes empty, leading tag is removed from message.

FIXFieldList msg = new FIXFieldList();
msg.set(8, "FIX.4.4");
msg.set(35, "8");
msg.set(10, 123);

RepeatingGroup group = msg.addRepeatingGroupAtIndex(555, 2);
System.out.println(msg.toPrintableString()); //8=FIX.4.4 | 35=8 | 10=123  group is empty, so it doesn't show in message

RepeatingGroup.Entry entry1 = msg.addEntry();
RepeatingGroup.Entry entry2 = msg.addEntry();
System.out.println(msg.toPrintableString()); //8=FIX.4.4 | 35=8 | 10=123  group have two entries now, but all entry is empty, so group still doesn't show in message
System.out.println(group.getSize()); // Prints 2, method getSize returns number of all groups - empty and non empty
System.out.println(group.getLeadingTagValue()); // Prints 0

entry1.addTag(600, "TBD");
System.out.println(msg.toPrintableString()); //8=FIX.4.4 | 35=8 | 555=1 | 600=TBD | 10=123  group appear in message.
System.out.println(group.getSize()); // Prints 2
System.out.println(group.getLeadingTagValue()); // Prints 1

entry.removeTag(600);
System.out.println(msg.toPrintableString()); //8=FIX.4.4 | 35=8 | 10=123  group is removed from message because there is no non-empty entries
System.out.println(group.getSize()); // Prints 2, method getSize returns number of all groups - empty and non empty
System.out.println(group.getLeadingTagValue()); // Prints 0

When we add two or more groups at the same place in message, the behavior is the same as when we add two tags in the same place in message:

FIXFieldList msg = new FIXFieldList();
msg.set(8, "FIX.4.4");
msg.set(35, "8");
msg.set(10, 123);

RepeatingGroup group555 = msg.addRepeatingGroupAtIndex(555, 2);
RepeatingGroup group454 = msg.addRepeatingGroupAtIndex(454, 2); //group 555 will appear right after group 454

group555.addEntry().addTag(600, "TBD");
System.out.println(msg.toPrintableString()); //8=FIX.4.4 | 35=8 | 555=1 | 600=TBD | 10=123
group454.addEntry().addTag(455, 5);
System.out.println(msg.toPrintableString()); //8=FIX.4.4 | 35=8 | 454=1 | 455=5 | 555=1 | 600=TBD | 10=123
RepeatingGroup group = msg.addRepeatingGroup(555, 2);

Nested repeating groups also have self-maintained leading tags.

When we add two nested groups one by one, they will appear in the order of adding:

RepeatingGroup.Entry entry = group555.addEntry();
entry.addTag(600, "TBD");
RepeatingGroup group604 = entry.addRepeatingGroup(604);
RepeatingGroup group539 = entry.addRepeatingGroup(539);

System.out.println(msg.toPrintableString()); //8=FIX.4.4 | 35=8 | 454=1 | 455=5 | 555=1 | 600=TBD | 10=123 sub groups 604 and 539 is empty, so they doesn't show

group539.addTag(524, "524val");
System.out.println(msg.toPrintableString()); //8=FIX.4.4 | 35=8 | 454=1 | 455=5 | 555=1 | 600=TBD | 525=1 | 524=524val | 10=123
group604.addTag(605, "605val");
System.out.println(msg.toPrintableString()); //8=FIX.4.4 | 35=8 | 454=1 | 455=5 | 555=1 | 600=TBD | 604=1 | 605=605val | 525=1 | 524=524val | 10=123

All methods, which works with index inside entry, like removeTagAtIndex, getTagValueAsXXXAtIndex doesn't work with empty groups:

RepeatingGroup.Entry entry = group555.addEntry();
entry.addTag(600, "TBD");
RepeatingGroup group604 = entry.addRepeatingGroup(604);

entry.removeTagAtIndex(1); //returns false, because there is no any real tag at index 1 inside entry.

TagList interface

There is common interface for FIXFieldList and RepeatingGroup.Entry for add, get, update, remove operations on tags in entry:

TagList entry = group.getEntry(0);
entry.addTag(tag, tagValue);
entry.updateValue(tag, tagValue, missingTagHandling);
entry.removeTag(tag);
entry.getTagValueAsString(tag);
//And others

Validation

Validation of repeating groups is available during initial indexing of Repeating Group and during modification of Repeating Group.

During indexing there are such validations:

  1. Leading tag value validation. Leading tag value must be equal to number of Repeating Group entries.
  2. Duplicate tag validation. All tags inside entry must be unique.
  3. Delimiter tag validation. Delimiter tag must be followed by leading tag.

During modification of Repeating group there are such validations:

  1. Tag refers to group validation. Must be mapping group -> tag in dictionary.
  2. Duplicate tag validation. All tags inside entry must be unique.

Copying

It is possible to copy repeating group and entry to other message or group. To copy repeating group from one FIX message to another, use method FIXFieldList.copyRepeatingGroup:

RepeatingGroup srcGroup = srcMsg.getRepeatingGroup(232);
RepeatingGroup copiedGroup = dstMsg.copyRepeatingGroup(srcGroup, 9); // group for copy and index where group will be inserted

To copy entry of repeating group to other group, use method RepeatingGroup.copyEntry:

RepeatingGroup groupForCopy = srcMsg.getRepeatingGroup(454);
RepeatingGroup.Entry entryForCopy = groupForCopy.getEntry(1);
RepeatingGroup targetGroup = dstMsg.getRepeatingGroup(454);

Entries can be copied to the same message or to another message.

To copy nested repeating group, use method Entry.copyRepeatingGroup:

RepeatingGroup groupForCopy = srcMsg.getRepeatingGroup(555).getEntry(0).getRepeatingGroup(539);
RepeatingGroup.Entry targetEntry = dstMsg.getRepeatingGroup(555).getEntry(0);

RepeatingGroup copiedGroup = targetEntry.copyRepeatingGroup(groupForCopy);

You can insert nested group in any entry or even in root of message without limitation

Finishing work with Repeating Group API.

If you created FIXFieldList message from pool, call of releaseInstance() will return all RG instances and message itself to corresponding pools. In other case you should call method invalidateRepeatingGroupIndex() at the end of the work with Repeating Group API. Also, don't forget to call methods release() for RepeatingGroup.Entry and RepeatingGroup if you got it from pool explicitly.

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